Measles Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow

Measles Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow

Following is a short summary of a longer special report “What Is Going On With Measles? The Science and Politics of Eradicating Measles” that can be read on NVIC’s website here.

This year, the fear mongering about measles has reached epidemic proportions in America. A day doesn’t go by without media outlets publishing angry articles and editorials spewing hatred toward a tiny minority of parents with unvaccinated children, who are being blamed for measles outbreaks.1 2 3 The remedy is always a call to track down, persecute and punish any parent whose child is not vaccinated.4 5 6

Some state and federal lawmakers are reacting to the relentless fear mongering by proposing to severely restrict the medical vaccine exemption and eliminate all religious and conscientious belief exemptions in state vaccine laws.7 8 9 10 These exemptions, which help prevent vaccine injuries and deaths, also protect parental rights, civil liberties and the ethical principle of informed consent to medical risk taking.11

Government, WHO, Medical Trade, Pharma & Media Say MMR Vaccine Is Safe & Effective

The U.S. government, the World Health Organization, medical trade associations, the pharmaceutical industry and multi-national communications corporations all agree that the measles virus is extremely dangerous, the MMR vaccine is very safe and effective, and all children must get two doses of MMR vaccine to meet the goal of eradicating measles from the world by 2020.12 13 14 15  

1962: “Moderate Severity and Low Fatality” But Let’s Eradicate It

In 1962, famous microbe hunters Drs. Alexander Langmuir and DA Henderson, who designed smallpox eradication campaigns, contemporaneously described measles as a “self-limiting infection of short duration, moderate severity and low fatality” that has “maintained a remarkably stable biological balance over the centuries.”16

Dr. Langmuir calmly observed that, “the decline in [measles] mortality demonstrates the degree to which we have adapted to this balance and have learned to live with this parasite.” But then, boldly, proudly and with absolute confidence, he proclaimed:

To those who ask me, “Why do you wish to eradicate measles, I reply with the same answer that Hillary used when asked why he wished to climb Mt. Everest. He said, “Because it is there.” To this may be added, “…. and it can be done.

Before Vaccine, Mothers Transferred Measles Antibodies to Fetus

At the time, doctors knew that women, who had recovered from wild type measles as children, passively transferred measles antibodies to a developing fetus when they were pregnant so newborns were protected from measles during the first year or more of life.17 18 Back then, most children did not get measles until they were between three and 10 years old and that gave them durable, long lasting immunity to the disease.19 20

The immune systems of infants do not function the same way as for older children and adults.21 From the very beginning, vaccine makers could not get the measles vaccine to override infants’ natural maternal measles antibodies that block the acquisition of vaccine strain antibodies.22 Today, because most women have been vaccinated as children, they don’t have the same kind of robust maternal measles antibodies to pass on to their newborns like mothers in past generations.

Today, most newborns are susceptible to measles infections from birth, when complications can be more severe.23 24 And adults, including pregnant women, today can also be more susceptible to measles infections if their vaccine acquired antibodies have waned and they are no longer protected.25

This taking away of measles maternal immunity from newborns was the first major alteration in the “remarkably stable biological balance” between the measles virus and humans that Dr. Langmuir and his colleagues described a year before measles vaccines were licensed and given to babies as young as nine months old.

The recommendation for the first dose of measles vaccine was raised to 12 months old in 1965.  In 1976, the age had to be raised again to 15 months because the younger the infant, the less likely the measles vaccine will be effective.26

1973: Vaccinated Children Can Still Get Measles

In 1973, Dr. Stanley Plotkin warned that vaccinated children could still get measles and that “a history of previous vaccination cannot be assumed to exclude measles as the cause of an exanthum [rash], whether typical or atypical.” He said that, “about 5 percent of vacinees do not respond and presumably remain susceptible,” which he described as “primary vaccine failures.” Dr. Plotkin also said there was evidence that some previously vaccinated children exposed to wild type measles could “develop modified illness and a secondary type of antibody response,” which he described as “secondary vaccine failures.”27

In other words, vaccine makers and public health officials knew in 1973 that getting a dose of the live virus measles vaccine does not guarantee that a vaccinated person won’t get infected with wild type measles and they also were not sure about whether some vaccinated children could still transmit wild type measles to others.  

2019: Measles Outbreaks in U.S. & World

In January 2019, the World Health Organization announced that “vaccine hesitancy” is one of the top ten global health threats.28 By March 2019, about 2,000 cases of measles had been reported in a European Union population of 512 million people.29 By mid-April, the World Health Organization reported a worldwide resurgence of measles with 112,000 cases reported in 170 countries, which WHO officials said reflected about 10 percent of all cases.30 31

By May 13, 2019, the CDC had confirmed 839 cases of measles in 23 states in a U.S. population of 328 million people.32

Unprecedented Response by Public Health Officials & Media

The government and media response to measles outbreaks has been both unprecedented and uniform.33 In Rockland County, New York instead of quarantining people infected with measles, government officials threatened parents of healthy unvaccinated children with fines and imprisonment if their children appeared in public spaces—the first time that has been done in American history.34 35 36 It wasn’t done for smallpox or polio. But it has been done for measles.

Unvaccinated children and adults living, working or visiting in neighborhoods with certain zip codes in Brooklyn have been threatened with steep fines if they are found to have been in contact with someone with measles.37 38 An entire cruise ship was quarantined for weeks because passengers had been exposed to a crewmember, who tested positive for measles.39

The response to measles outbreaks by public health officials and the media this year is so over-the-top, you would think the human race is hovering on the brink of extinction.40 41 42 43 A friend of a certain age who also had measles as a child, said the hysteria reminds her of an old government propaganda film from the 1940’s, “Reefer Madness,” where every person who smokes marijuana turns into a raving lunatic.44

But for post-baby boomer generations who cut their teeth on Zombie Apocalypse movies, the propaganda message of choice appears to be one that teaches people to be afraid, be very afraid of the unvaccinated, who are going to turn our planet into the Night of the Living Dead,45 46 47 48 and should be publicly identified, shamed, hunted down and—what?

Taking a look at the science is useful to get a grip on an over-publicized fear campaign that is turning Americans against each other: parents against parents, doctors against patients, sons against mothers, friends against friends.49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 It is a shameful display of ignorance, prejudice and discrimination being promoted by individuals in academia, the medical community, public health and journalism and it should not be happening in a society that has historically valued equality and freedom of thought, speech, and conscience.57 58 59 60 61

What the Science Says About Measles and Vaccine Failures

Here is what scientists have been saying recently about what they do and don’t know about measles and measles vaccine failures:  

From the Vaccine Research Group at Minnesota’s Mayo Clinic:

  • “While the current vaccine used in the USA and many other countries is safe and effective, paradoxically in the unique case of measles, it appears to insufficiently induce herd immunity in the population;”62
  • Even with two doses of MMR vaccine, an individual can fail to either mount or sustain a protective immune response. Up to 10 percent of those given two doses “fail to develop protective humoral immunity and those antibody levels wane over time, which can result in infection;”63
  • Individuals respond differently to vaccination and each individual’s genes play a role in controlling measles vaccine-induced immune responses. Scientists still do not completely understand “how the immune response is generated” or “how host genetic and epigenetic variations change and impact vaccine immune responses,” or “how pathogens interact with the immune system.”64
  • The importance of cellular immunity to vaccine-induced protection is not completely understood.” Some children with no detectible measles antibodies may still be protected against measles, which supports the “involvement of cellular immunity.”65
  • Scientists do not have “a detailed understanding of the pathogenesis of the measles virus” or of vaccine-induced innate and adaptive (humoral) immunity. Better correlates of protection “that go beyond measuring antibody titers” are needed. There is not enough information about what drives a vaccine response, a vaccine non-response, adverse events following vaccination and the many complex interactions between immune function-related components.66
  • Genetic ancestry is a significant determinant of vaccine responses. In one cohort study, Caucasians and most Hispanics, ethnic groups, which represent nearly 80 percent of the U.S. population, showed significantly lower humoral and cellular responses to MMR vaccination than African Americans.67

From microbiologists at the College Medical Sciences in India:

  • “The measles virus (MeV) is serologically monotypic but genotyping confirms eight clades (A-H). The clades are further subdivided into 23 genotypes….Although sera from vaccinated individuals neutralize all the clades, the efficacy varies from clade to clade. It may be said that the level of protection offered by this vaccine varies from genotype to genotype.”68  
  • “The present vaccine does not offer complete protection assurance and the limitations are evident now. Newer strains show epitopes that are not shared by vaccine strains. Variations in the efficacy of neutralization in the vaccinated individuals against wild MeV has been reported.”69

Just out of Australia, scientists reported in May 2019 that there is evidence for “waning measles immunity among vaccinated individuals” that is “associated with secondary vaccine failure and modified clinical illness” with “transmission potential.”70

This finding confirms the scientific evidence coming from Berlin, Germany in April that:71

Although measles cases have gradually declined globally since the 1980s together with an increase in vaccination coverage, there has been a resurgence of measles in the European Union and European Economic Area starting in 2017 with adults aged over 20 years comprising more than a third of all cases.

The impact of waning immunity to measles will likely become more apparent over the coming years and may increase in the future, as the vaccinated population (with hardly any exposure to measles) will grow older and the time since vaccination increases. It is worth noting that the median age of measles cases has been increasing over the past 15 years in Berlin and the extent of waning immunity may increase further. Vaccinated cases have a lower viraemia and have rarely been observed to contribute to transmission. However, with the vaccinated population turning older and titres possibly decreasing further, this observation has to be re-evaluated.

There are unanswered questions that need to be answered, such as:

  • How many unvaccinated children are being diagnosed with measles because they are fully expressing symptoms and are more easily identified and reported, while vaccinated children and adults are being asymptomatically infected or are only experiencing mild symptoms that are never identified or reported?
  • And how will waning vaccine immunity and the emergence of new measles strains impact the lives of pregnant women and their newborn infants, who no longer have measles maternal antibodies, and the immune-compromised, who have been told that forcing everyone else to get vaccinated will create herd immunity and protect them?

1984 Prediction: More Measles After Vaccination Campaign

In 1984, an article was published in the American Journal of Epidemiology. The author made a prediction of what the impact of giving all children measles vaccine would have by the year 2050 in the U.S.72 A computer model simulation revealed that during the prevaccine era, approximately 10.6 percent of the population was susceptible to measles, most being children under 10 years old. After the institution of the measles vaccine program, the proportion of susceptibles fell to 3.1 percent from 1978 to 1981 but then began to incrementally rise every year.

The prediction was that, by the year 2050, about 10.9 percent of the population would be susceptible to measles and, instead of measles primarily infecting children under age 10, the cases would be distributed evenly among all age groups. The conclusion was that measles elimination in the U.S. being achieved in the late 20th century was a combination of vaccinating young susceptibles combined with the presence of a highly immune adult population that had natural immunity. However, there was a prophetic warning about measles for those living in 21st century America:

  Despite short-term success in eliminating the disease, long range projections demonstrate that the proportion of susceptibles in the year 2050 may be greater than in the prevaccine era.73

Scapegoating Parents to Explain Failed Measles Eradication Program

As the 72 million adults of the baby boomer generation come to the end of their lives,74 75 the last generation with robust natural measles immunity from childhood, which has greatly contributed to herd immunity in this population—it is long past time for public health officials to reevaluate what they are doing. Because, for more than 55 years, they have stubbornly ignored persistent signs that the hypothesis of the medical experiment they have been conducting was fundamentally flawed. Instead, their answer to measles outbreaks, always, has been to simplistically order children to get more MMR vaccine and to scapegoat parents of unvaccinated children for a problem parents did not create and do not own.76 77 78 79

When vaccine policy and law precedes the science, we all pay the price. People should not be forced to use vaccines that not only cause harm but also, clearly, fail to work as advertised.80 81 82 83

Go to NVIC.org and read this report. Look at the references documenting the information. Share it with others. Educate your legislators.

Knowledge is power. Be the one who never has to say that you did not do today what you could have done to change tomorrow.

It’s your health, your family, your choice.


This article or commentary provides referenced information and perspective on a topic related to vaccine science, policy, law or ethics being discussed in public forums and by U.S. lawmakers. The websites of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) provide information and perspective of federal agencies responsible for vaccine research, development, regulation and policymaking.

References:

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2 Keneally M. Parents who don’t vaccinate kids tend to be affluent, better educated, experts sayABC Jan. 29, 2019.
3 Belluz J. Measles is Back in the US Because States Make It Too Easy to Avoid Vaccines. Vox Feb. 16, 2019
4 Kayyem J. Anti-vaxxers are dangerous. Make them face isolation, fines, arrests. The Washington Post Apr. 30, 2019.
5 Coleman PA. The Anti-Vaxxers Spreading Measles in Portland Should Be Arrested. Yahoo Feb. 26, 2019.
6 Siegel E, Berezow A. Opting Out of Vaccines Should Opt You Out of American Society. Scientific American Mar. 21, 2019.
7 National Vaccine Information Center. More Than 100 Bills Proposed in 30 States to Expand, Restrict or Eliminate Vaccine Informed Consent Rights. NVIC.org Feb. 17, 2019.
8 Sun L. Anti-Vaxxers Face Backlash at Measles Cases Surge. The Washington Post/Los Angeles Times Feb. 28, 2019.
9 Neighmond P. States Move to Restrict Parent’s Refusal to Vaccinate Their KidsNPR Feb. 28, 2019.
10
Taub D. Pan’s Bill Would Further Restrict Vaccine Exemptions for SchoolkidsGV Wire Mar. 26, 2019.
11 Fisher BL. Taking No Prisoners in the Vaccine Culture WarNVIC Newsletter Mar. 13, 2019.
12 U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About Measles and Measles Vaccination. CDC.gov Feb. 5, 2018.
13
World Health Organization. Measles and Rubella Global Strategic Plan 2012-2020 Midterm Review. WHO.int October 2016.
14 Orenstein WA. The Role of Measles Elimination in Development of a National Immunization ProgramPediatr Infect Dis J 2006; 25(12): 1093-1101.
15 Hinman AR, Orenstein WA, Papania MJ. Evolution of Measles Elimination Strategies in the United StatesJ Infect Dis 2004; 189 (Suppl 1): S17-S22.
16 Langmuir AD, Henderson DA et al. The Importance of Measles As a Health ProblemAm J Pub Health Nations Health 1962; 52(2).
17
Ibid.
18
Panpania M, Baughman AL et al. Increased susceptibility to measles in infants in the United States. Pediatrics 1999; 104(5).
19 Langmuir AD, Henderson DA et al. The Importance of Measles As a Health Problem. Am J Pub Health Nations 1962; 52(2).
20 Sinha DP. Measles and malnutrition in a West Bengal village. Trop Geogr Med 1977; 29(2): 125-134.
21 Basha S, Surendran N, Pichichero M. Immune Responses in Neonates. Expert Rev Clin Immunol 2015; 10(9): 1171-1184.
22 Albrecht P, Ennis FA et al. Persistence of maternal antibody in infants beyond 12 months: mechanism of measles vaccine failure. J Pediatr 1977; 91(5): 715-718.
23 Waaijenorg S, Hehne SJM et al. Waning of Maternal Antibodies Against Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicella in Communities with Contrasting Vaccination Coverage.  J Infect Dis 2013; 208(1): 10-16.
24 Gans HA, Maldonado YA. Editorial: Loss of Passively Acquired Maternal Antibodies in Highly Vaccinated Populations: An Emerging Need to Define the Ontogeny of Infant Immune Responses. J Infect Dis 2013; 208.
25 Holzmann H, Hengel H et al. Eradication of measles: remaining challenges. Med Microbiol Immunol 2016; 205: 201-208.
26 Orenstein WA, Markowitz L et al. Appropriate age for measles vaccination in the United States. Dev Biol Stand 1986; 65: 13-21.
27 Plotkin SA. Failures of protection by measles vaccine. J Pediatr 1973; 82(5): 908-911.
28 World Health Organization (WHO). Ten Threats to Global Health in 2019. Jan. 16, 2019.
29  European Center for Disease Prevention and Control. Monthly measles and rubella monitoring report – April 2019 (Mar. 1, 2018-Feb. 28, 2019). Stockholm: ECDC 2019.
30 World Health Organization. New measles surveillance data for 2019. Apr. 15, 2019.
31 NPR. U.S. Measles Outbreaks Are Driven By A Global Surge in the Virus. Apr. 30, 2019.
32 CDC. Measles Cases and Outbreaks. May 13, 2019.
33 Weisman N. Washington Hopes Locking Unvaccinated Kids Out of School Will Prevent Next Measles Outbreak. Popular Science Jan. 29, 2019.
34 Tampone K. Rockland County’s Ban on Unvaccinated Minors from Public Carries Fine, Jail. Post Standard Mar. 27, 2019.
35 Dunne A. Some Lawmakers Support Vaccine Bill Amid Rockland’s Ongoing Measles Outbreak. WAMC Radio (NPR-NY) Mar. 28, 2019.
36 Fisher BL. New York Judge Halts Action by Rockland County Exec Banning Unvaccinated Kids From Public Spaces. The Vaccine Reaction Apr. 10, 2019.
37 Ricks D. DeBlasio declares measles health emergency for parts of New York City. Apr. 9, 2019.
38 New York City Health Department. Measles: Recent Infections in Brooklyn and Queens. May 20, 2019.
39 Gittleson B. Church of Scientology ship with measles case on board still quarantined in Curacao as blood samples tested; measles patient now healthy. ABC May 6, 2019.
40 Adalja AA. Today’s skepticism of vaccines could be as big of a health threat as HIV. USA Today Feb. 1, 2019.
41 Bruni F. The Real Horror of the Anti-Vaxxers. The New York Times Mar. 9, 2019.
42 Potter A. Why we are all complicit in the rise of the anti-vaxxers. The National Post Mar. 21. 2019.
43 Associated Press. Over 1,000 People Impacted by Measles Quarantines at Los Angeles Universities. Apr. 26, 2019.
44 Reefer Madness” formerly “Tell the Children.” (1936).
45 The Greatest Zombie Movies of All Time. Including “Night of the Living Dead (1968); The Return of the Living Dead (1985); Dawn of the Dead (2004); World War Z (2013). Ranker.
46 Dhar M. Surviving a Zombie Apocalypse: Just Do the Math. Live Science July 30, 2013. 
47 CNN. Pentagon Documents Lay Out Battle Against Zombies. CNN May 16, 2014.
48 CDC. Zombie Preparedness. Oct. 11, 2018.
49 National Vaccine Information Center. Cry for Vaccine Freedom Wall.
50 Lubrano A. Anti-vaccine parents are often white, college-educated, ‘Whole Foods moms.’ Philadelphia Inquirer Apr. 10, 2019.
51 Bahler K. Rich People Are Leading the Anti-Vaccine Movement – and Experts Have a Theory Why. Money Magazine Apr. 15, 2019.
52 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).  Elimination of non-medical vaccine exemptions ranked top priority at Annual Leadership Forum. AAP Press Release Mar. 16, 2019.
53 Boyer P. Pediatrician Told Me ‘shut your mouth’ on Vaccination Question. Arizona Capitol Times Mar. 4, 2019.
54 American Medical Association. AMA urges tech giants to combat vaccine misinformation. AMA Press Release Mar. 13, 2019.
55 Doubek J. 18-Year Old Testifies About Getting Vaccinated Despite Mother’s Anti-Vaccine Beliefs. NPR Mar. 6, 2019.
56 Kayyem J. Anti-vaxxers are dangerous. Make them face isolation, fines, arrests. Washington Post Apr. 30, 2019.
57 CBS News. Measles outbreak fueled by anti-vaccination movement, infectious disease expert says. Jan. 30, 2019.
58 Cornwall G, Chan D. Medical Exemptions From Vaccines Endanger Us All. San Francisco Chronicle Feb. 1, 2019.
59 Simmons T. Faith is no excuse for skipping vaccines, says med school professor. Religion News Feb. 28, 2019.
60 Offit P. Facebook, Twitter Are Blocking Dangerous Antivaccine Posts. It’s About Time. Philadelphia Inquirer Mar. 4, 2018.
61 Miles T. Vaccine doubts spread like disease, must be taken offline: vaccine chief. Reuters May 21, 2019.
62 Haralambieva IH, Ovsyannikova IG et al. The genetic basis for interindividual immune response variation to measles vaccine: new understanding and new vaccine approaches. Expert Rev Vaccines 2013; 12(1): 57-70.
63 Ibid.
64 Ibid. 
65 Haralambieva IH, Kennedy RB et al. Variability in Humoral Immunity to Measles Vaccine: New Developments. Trends Mol Med 2015; 21(12): 789-801.
66 Ibid. 
67 Voight EA, Ovsyannikova IG et al. Genetically defined race, but not sex, is associated with higher humoral and cellular immune responses to measles vaccination. Vaccine 2016; 34(41): 4913-4919.
68 Kulkarni RD, Ajantha GS et al. Global eradication of measles: Are we poised? Indian J Med Microbiol 2017; 35(1): 10-16.
69 Ibid.
70 Gibney KB, Attwood LO et al. Emergence of attenuated measles illness among IgG positive/IgM negative measles cases, Victoria, Australia 2008-2017. Clin Infect Dis May 6, 2019.
71 Bitzegeio J, Majowicz S et al. Estimating age-specific vaccine effectiveness using data from a large measles outbreak in Berlin, Germany, 2014-2015: evidence for waning immunity. Eurosurveillance 2019; 24(17).
72 Levy DL. The future of  measles in highly immunized populations. A modeling approach. Am J Epidemiol 1984; 120(1): 39-48.
73 Ibid.
74 Fry R. Millennials approach Baby Boomers as America’s largest generation in the electorate. Pew Research Center Apr. 3, 2018.
75 U.S. Census Bureau. Millennials Outnumber Baby Boomers and Are Far More Diverse, Census Bureau Reports. June 25, 2015.
76 Strebel PM, Cochi SL et al. A World Without Measles. J Infect Dis 2011; 204 (Suppl 1): S1-S3.
77 Fefferman NH, Naumova EW. Dangers of vaccine refusal near the herd immunity threshold: A modelling study. Lancet Infect Dis 2015; 15(8): 922-926.
78 Scepanovic P, Alanio C et al. Human genetic variants and age are the strongest prediction of humoral immune responses to common pathogens and vaccines. Genome Med 2018; 10(59).
79 Woudenberg T, Woonink F et al. The tip of the iceberg: incompleteness of  measles reporting during a large outbreak in The Netherlands in 2013-2014. Epidemiol Infect Oct. 9, 2018.
80 Fisher BL. The Emerging Risks of Live Virus and Virus Vectored Vaccines: Vaccine Strain Viral Infection, Shedding and Transmission. NVIC Newsletter November 2014.
81 Fisher BL. Measles in Disneyland: Vaccine Exemption Ban and Third MMR Shot? NVIC Newsletter Jan 28, 2015.
82 Fisher BL. Pertussis Microbe Outsmarts the Vaccines As Experts Argue About Why. NVIC Newsletter  Mar. 27, 2016.
83 Fisher BL. The Pertussis Vaccine Blame Game. NVIC Newsletter  Sept. 12, 2018.

5 Responses to "Measles Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow"

  1. Richard Calland   June 7, 2019 at 11:53 pm

    Seems to be the age-old conflict of the High Road vs the low road. Congratulations to Barbara Loe Fisher and all at NVIC, for staying committed to the High Road. The High Road always prevails. Thank you very much for the work you are doing for the health and well-being of all of us.

    Reply
  2. Anna   June 8, 2019 at 3:52 am

    “Knowledge is power. Be the one who never has to say that you did not do today what you could have done to change tomorrow.” I’m trying, but people seem to be so confused by the vaccine controversy that they just block any information about it. It is easier to close your mind to what you deem not understandable, than to live with the knowledge that we do not know enough yet.

    Reply
  3. George   June 8, 2019 at 9:52 am

    Just recently in New Hampshire state medical officials declared that the measles outbreak there was CAUSED BY THE VACCINE. They indemnified the strain of measles as that being from vaccines, NOT wild type measles. PROOF the vaccine is a dangerous fraud and failure.

    Reply
  4. Joan Anundson Ahr   June 8, 2019 at 2:59 pm

    The subject of vaccine injury has been the final straw, what has detached me
    confidently from dependence on Big Corporate Healthcare and Big Pharma for anything but a traumatic injury or emergency surgery. Western Medicine doctors are very skilled at putting us back together after an auto accident or appendicitis, just like a skilled mechanic can fix our cars. After my recent experience with a family member’s three month stay in a “Top 100” suburban Chicago hospital, where his diagnosis of Transverse Myelitis was never acknowledged to be related to the
    T-dap vaccine he had received, I realize that the hospital “plan of care” is not individualized to what can be best for the patient. I was bullied for advocating for him. I was told that asking questions about his care was disruptive. How different would healthcare be if mothers were listened to!

    Reply
  5. Beau Carrel   June 9, 2019 at 4:07 am

    All Vaccines contain adjuvants, which have since the inception of vaccines caused serious reactions in varying degrees, the worst of which “may” be recognised by those who produce and sell them, mercury, aluminium, formaldehyde, and many other toxic substance which have never been tested individually or in multiples, the only answer for this irresponsible lack of scientific study, is that the results would mean an immediate cessation of production, the indemnity the Government strangely give would have to cease.

    So it is easy to see why they will not respond to calls for proper testing of their products, the deep serious question is why do Governments around the world fail their people with such willingness ?

    Reply

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