The Vaccine Compensation Court

In the United States, if a person is harmed by a product, they have the right to seek compensation through the judicial system. This is not the case for those injured by vaccines.

In the 1980’s, lawsuits against vaccine manufacturers and medical providers began to rise. Vaccine companies responded by claiming they would stop making vaccines because they were not making profits due to litigation costs. Some vaccine companies even stopped manufacturing vaccines, causing a national health concern because of vaccine shortage.

Due to pressures on Congress by the vaccine manufacturers and the medical industry, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660) was created and, on October 1, 1988, the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP) was established.

The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP) is a federal program established by Congress which provides compensation to children injured by certain vaccines.

Many people and even attorneys do not know that such a court exists. Millions of dollars have been awarded to vaccine injured individuals. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has stated that more than 1,300 childhood vaccine-injury cases compensated in vaccine court have involved encephalopathy (brain disease), seizure disorders, or in most cases, both diagnoses.1

What makes compensation in this court different than traditional courts?

If someone is injured by a medication in the United States, the normal channel for compensation is to sue the manufacturer. If found guilty, the manufacturer pays the damages, and if enough suits are brought against them, the medication they might be recalled, more safety tests might be required, manufacturing might be stopped, etc.

When someone is vaccine injured, they are not able to sue the manufacturer. Instead, they must make a claim with the NVICP. If the NVICP determines that the person was indeed injured by a vaccine, the damages are paid by the tax funded Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund (not the vaccine manufacturer).

Manufactures are not required to disclose any information with the public that they would have to disclose if they case went to trial. Therefore, many safety concerns are not revealed, and vaccine manufactures are not held accountable for damages.

How do I know if I have a claim suitable for this court?

An individual who believes they have been vaccine injured needs to do some initial research to determine if the injury in question qualifies for compensation through the court.

An attorney can expedite the medical record review and inquiries necessary to determine eligibility for trial. An individual or attorney can file the initial documents to the court via mail or electronically.

There are approximately 100 attorneys throughout the country who specialize in vaccine injury litigation; however, any licensed attorney can file a claim in vaccine court. The attorney simply needs to gain admittance into this special court through standard protocols.

What do I need to file or determine if I have a case suitable for court?

Medical Records
Comprehensive and accurate medical records are essential and govern the facts in the case. The courts discount parental reports of injury. Therefore, if symptoms are not documented in the patient’s medical chart, the case will likely be dismissed.

Adherence to Table Injury Reporting Timeframes
An essential question in vaccine litigation is whether or not the injury occurred within the timeframe allowed. A “table injury,” or an injury resulting from a vaccine on a list of covered vaccines and associated injuries, is backed by law and specifies the select vaccine-induced injuries that are compensated. The time frames are rigid. If a table injury requires reporting injury within 5-15 days, such as with the MMR vaccine, a case can be dismissed for being a few hours short of five days or beyond the 15 days.

On the contrary, a “non-table injury” must go through a medical review process, which is a subjective interpretation of the case. Awards and decisions will vary. Most vaccines do not have table injuries and thus take longer to resolve.

The court process

Court appearances are rare for most, as conferences are typically handled by email, mail or phone. Hearings are generally reserved for cases when eyewitnesses are present.

No one can predict how long the process will take from beginning to end. There are cases which have been resolved within one year, and there are other cases which are still pending, more than 10 years after being filed.

Should I pursue compensation for injuries sustained via vaccines?

The vaccine court is the only mechanism for compensation of vaccine injuries. Injuries vary in their severity, duration and long term costs. An individual should review the facts of their situation with their family and attorney. As with any court proceeding, this is not an easy or convenient pursuit.

Note: This article was reprinted with permission. It was originally published by Focus for Health.


7 Responses to "The Vaccine Compensation Court"

  1. Tim Lundeen   April 4, 2016 at 12:50 pm

    If you have a child regress into autism after vaccinations, do NOT file a claim on that basis. Instead, file a claim for encephalitis, and make sure there is no mention of autism in your records. The court routinely rejects all claims that vaccines cause autism.

  2. Erica   April 4, 2016 at 1:28 pm

    You failed to mention, that a claimant can file a civil lawsuit against a vaccine manufacturer if their claim is denied or if they reject the compensation offered after their claim is approved.

  3. Law   April 6, 2016 at 10:13 pm

    From the article: When someone is vaccine injured, they are not able to sue the manufacturer. Instead, they must make a claim with the NVICP. If the NVICP determines that the person was indeed injured by a vaccine, the damages are paid by the tax funded Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund (not the vaccine manufacturer).

    Comment: This is the primary argument I use when discussing vaccines with others. The secondary argument is the change of the definitions to make a success of vaccines against polio, that is, a false accounting.

    • Rockin'Robin   May 8, 2017 at 10:39 pm

      Would you elaborate more please about the false claim related to polio? What do you mean? I hear this excuse all the time at how the polio vaccine helped soooo many therefore vaccines MUST BE safe (piff*#!). Thank you in advanced!

  4. VideoPortal   March 16, 2017 at 3:54 am

    Some parents of children with autism spectrum disorders have attributed the disorders’ onset to vaccines , often citing the mercury-based preservative thiomersal as the cause, and some have filed suit for compensation from vaccine makers. The medical and scientific communities nearly unanimously deny a link between routine childhood vaccines and autism , as no evidence has been found to support this claim.

  5. Rockin'Robin   May 8, 2017 at 10:41 pm

    Discussing Vaccines with those who are pro-vacs is like talking religion… THEY NEVER LISTEN! People are either super pro-vac or total anti-vacs. The pro-vacs… well, they always cite that their pediatrician recommends it therefore it must be safe.

    GEESH! Any good comeback for that?

  6. Julie   September 10, 2017 at 5:09 pm

    My understanding is that the court is NOT tasked with determining if the injury was caused by a vaccine. That would be too inflammatory, IMHO. They make a determination that it MIGHT have been caused by a vaccine.


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